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  • Photographer: Roger Borgelid

The aqueduct in Håverud

The unique meeting between motorway, railway and waterway

The Dalslands Canal was completed during the years 1864-1868. The work was led by the well-known canal builder Nils Ericson. Depending on the soil conditions in Håverud, it was not possible to build a regular sluice plant there. The rocks were loose, the stream strong and the cliff too steep. Nils Ericson came up with the brilliant idea to build an aqueduct instead. His son, Werner Ericson became site manager.

The aqueduct is a freely hanging bridge, where the water is led into a 33.5 meter long sheet trench above the rapids. The plates are joined with 33000 rivets. No rivets have yet to be replaced.

The aqueduct was manufactured by the famous company Bergsund's Mechanical Workshop in Stockholm. The plates were assembled ashore and the heavy gutter was then slid into place over the rapids.

There are many aqueducts in the world. Most were built as Roman stone arch bridges, others in a combination of stone arch bridges with superstructure of cast iron gutters. The aqueduct in Håverud is completely unique in its kind.

The aqueduct was manufactured by the famous company Bergsund's Mechanical Workshop in Stockholm. The plates were assembled ashore and the heavy gutter was then slid into place over the rapids.

The aqueduct in Håverud, painting by Axel Nordgren

 

Some comments about the Aqueduct…

“Between two mighty, wooded mountains, where the bright shades of the deciduous trees mingle with the dark greenery of the conifers, a foamy shoot from the at a considerable height above Lake Åkången throws itself through a narrow pass down into Upperud's envelopes. The clear morning sun casts its gold over the matting silver of the abrasive bodies of water, through the noise of the waves the roar of the iron smiths penetrates, to the left of the case and high above the lock gates at Håfverud we see a gigantic, reddish-brown thing, stretching in all comfort. one beach to the other. This immense, water-filled iron box is the infamous aqueduct, the only one in Scandinavia, one of the many memorials of Nils Ericson's giant mind. "

Originated from: Svea Folk Calendar, 1870, pp. 103-104

Facts about Nils Ericson

Baron, engineer. 3972. Born 1802-01-31 in Långban, Färnebo (S). Died 1870-09-08 in Stockholm. Freelancer, engineer, road and water builder. Led the construction of several important canal routes (Stallbacka, Säffle, Karlstad and Albrektsund) in 1830-50. Rebuilt Trollhätte canal and Stockholm lock. The Dalsland canal with the aqueduct in Håverud, together with his son Werner. Head of State Railways. Ennobled 1854, baron 1860. Buried at Stockholm's north cemetery. See Sv. Biographical Lexicon.

 

You can find more information about the history of the Aqueduct here!